Through walk of life, three questions hit our mind. These are WHERE did I come from? WHY do I live in these world? Where am I going to? (Where will be my destination?) These three questions are roots of success. But many of us fail to answer them. This is due to, may be not recognizing these questions or losing answers. When we found correct answers for these questions, no longer is our life filled with darkness and confusion. Answering them starts from knowing our Lord from correct and uncorrupted sources. With help of Allah, we will answer those above questions in the future. But for know let’s continue knowing our Lord. Who is your Lord? Who is your Creator? Who is your Provider? Who is your Sustainer? Who answers your call when you are in deep depressions and distress? Allah says
“Is He [not best] who responds to the desperate one when he calls upon Him and removes evil and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a deity with Allah ? Little do you remember.” Suuratu An-Naml 27:62
Lam yalid walam yoolad
He neither begets nor is born,
Walam yakun lahu kufuwan ahad
Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” Suuratu Al-Ikhlaas 112:3-4
The polytheists in every age have adopted the concept that like men, gods also belong to a species, which has many members and they also get married, beget and are begotten. They did not even regard Allah, Lord of the universe, as supreme and above this concept of ignorance, and even proposed children for Him. Thus, the Arabian belief as stated in the Quran was that they regarded the angels as daughters of Allah. The Prophetic communities too could not remain immune from this creed of paganism. They too adopted the creed of holding one saintly person or another as son of God. Two kinds of concepts have always been mixed up in these debasing superstitions. Some people thought that those whom they regarded as Allah’s children, were descended from him in the natural way and some others claimed that the one whom they called son of God, had been adopted by Allah Himself as a son. That is why one of the questions asked of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was: What is the ancestry of Allah, and another was: From whom has He inherited the world and who will inherit it after Him.
If these assumptions of ignorance are analyzed, it becomes obvious that they logically necessitate the assumption of some other things as well:
The object of adopting some one as a son is that a childless person needs a helper in his lifetime and an heir after his death. Therefore, the supposition that Allah has adopted a son inevitably amounts to ascribing all those weaknesses to His sublime Being which characterize mortal man.
Although all these assumptions are destroyed as soon as Allah is called and described as Ahad and As-Samad, yet when it is said: Neither has He an offspring nor is He the offspring of another, there remains no room for any ambiguity in this regard. Then, since these concepts are the most potent factors of polytheism with regard to Divine Being, Allah has refuted them clearly and absolutely not only in Surah Al-Ikhlas but has also reiterated this theme at different places in different ways so that the people may understand the truth fully. For example let us consider the following verses:
“Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.” Suuratu An-Nisa 4:171
“And they say, “The Most Merciful has taken a son.” Exalted is He! Rather, they are [but] honored servants.” Suuratu Al-Anbiya 21:26
“Allah has not taken any son, nor has there ever been with Him any deity. [If there had been], then each deity would have taken what it created, and some of them would have sought to overcome others. Exalted is Allah above what they describe [concerning Him].” Suuratu Mu’minoon 23:91
In these verses the belief of the people who ascribe real as adopted children to Allah, has been refuted from every aspect, and its being a false belief has also been proved by argument.
The word kufu as used in the original means an example, a similar thing, the one equal in rank and position. In the matter of marriage, kufu means that the boy and the girl should match each other socially. Thus, the verse means that there is no one in the entire universe, nor ever was, nor ever can be, who is similar to Allah, or equal in rank with Him, or resembling Him in His attributes, works and powers in any degree whatever.
Source: quran.com Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi Translation