The question of Resurrection and Hereafter is one of the greatest debate and disagreement throughout history. Although many people believes in the Existence of God, they disbelieve in the Hereafter. Allah says in the following translation of the Qur’an:
“About what are they asking one another? About the great news -That over which they are in disagreement. No! They are going to know.Then, no! They are going to know.” Suuratu An-Naba 78:1-5
The great news: the news of the Resurrection and Hereafter, which the people of Makkah heard with amazement, then raised questions and doubts about it in their assemblies. When they met each other they would ask: Did you ever hear that the dead will be resurrected to life? Is it credible that life will be infused once again into the bones which have decayed and become rotten? Does it stand to reason that the former and the latter generations will rise up and gather together at one place? Is it possible that these huge mountains which are so firmly set in the earth will fly about like flakes of wool? Can it so happen that the sun and the moon and the stars should be extinguished and the order and system of the world be overturned and upset? What has happened to him who was until yesterday a sane and wise man among us? Today he is giving us strange, impossible news. Where were this Hell and Heaven of which we had never heard from him before? Wherefrom have they appeared suddenly so that he has started depicting them so vividly before us?
Allah says in the following translation of Qur’an:
“Have We not made the earth a resting place?And the mountains as stakes? And We created you in pairs. And made your sleep [a means for] rest. And made the night as clothing. And made the day for livelihood And constructed above you seven strong [heavens] And made [therein] a burning lamp And sent down, from the rain clouds, pouring water That We may bring forth thereby grain and vegetation And gardens of entwined growth. Indeed, the Day of Judgement is an appointed time – The Day the Horn is blown and you will come forth in multitudes. And the heaven is opened and will become gateways. And the mountains are removed and will be [but] a mirage. ” Suuratu An-Naba’ 78:6-22
After presenting a number of the signs and testimonies, one after the other, in these verses, the deniers of the Resurrection and Hereafter have been exhorted, so as to say: If you consider the earth and the mountains and your own creation, your sleep and wakefulness, and the system of the day and night intelligently, and consider the well-fortified system of the universe and the shining sun in the heavens, the rain falling from the clouds and the vegetables growing thereby, you will see two things very clearly: first, that all this could neither come into existence without a mighty power, nor continue to exist and function so regularly; second, that in each of these great wisdom is working and nothing that happens here is purposeless.
Now, if a person living in the world of such a Wise, Omnipotent and All-Mighty Creator denies the rewards and punishments of the Hereafter, he inevitably commits one of the two errors: either he is a denier of God’s powers and thinks that though He has the power to create the universe with such matchless order and discipline, He is powerless to recreate man and mete out rewards and punishments to him or he denies His wisdom and knowledge and thinks that although He has created man with intellect and powers in the world, yet He will neither ever call him to account as to how he used his intellect and his powers, nor will reward him for his good deeds, nor punish him for his evil deeds. The one who believes in either is foolish in the extreme.
So what is punishment for the person who denies Resurrection and Hereafter while signs are many that show the existence of Resurrection? Allah says in the following translation of the Qur’an.
“Indeed, Hell has been lying in wait. For the transgressors, a place of return, In which they will remain for ages [unending]. They will not taste therein [any] coolness or drink. Except scalding water and [foul] purulence -An appropriate recompense. Indeed, they were not expecting an account.” Suuratu An-Naba’ 78:21-28
Any nation which carved out a system of life for itself, heedless of the Hereafter and of the rewards and punishments of God, was ultimately corrupted and depraved, and whichever nation followed this way, was eventually visited with the scourge of punishment by the Lord of the universe. This continuous experience of man’s own history testifies to two things clearly:
(1) That denial of the Hereafter has been instrumental in corrupting every nation and sending it ultimately to its doom; therefore, the Hereafter indeed is a reality clashing with which leads, as it has always led, to the same inevitable results.
(2) That retribution for deeds will at some time in the future take place in its full and complete form also, for the people who touched the extreme limits of corruption and depravity and were visited with punishment had been preceded by many others who had sown seeds of corruption for centuries and left the world without being visited by any scourge.
Taken from : quran.com -Towards Understanding the Qur’an: ABUL ALA MAUDUDI(WITH TAFSIR)- suuratu An-Naba’a and Al-Fajr