According to Dictionary.com doubt means;
-to be uncertain about; consider questionable or unlikely; hesitate to believe.
-to fear; be apprehensive about.
Indeed if doubt creeps in the human mind, it causes much confusion and depression. Due to doubt, how many people remain in halfway from success? Neither do they go forward nor stay at same place. They waver here and there. There are two main doubts that have confused many people and made their life depressed. Those doubts are;
- Doubt about Allaah and Day of Resurrection (Yomu-ul-Qiyaama)
- Doubt among people
If the first doubt is not removed from the heart, there is no peace of mind and tranquility in life. If you are confused, depressed and suspect everyone with an evil eye, know that there is the problem in your imaan (faith). Before showing you how to remove doubt about Allaah and Day of Resurrection, let us define imaan. For Imaan, there are two definitions. First, in the Arabic language imaan means amnu which means tranquility of soul or peace of mind, and removal of fear from person’s heart”
The second definition of Imaan is (Tasdeeq)- the affirmation that requires acceptance and submission. If a person believes in something without acceptance and submission, that is not imaan. The evidence for that is that the polytheists [Arabs] believed in Allah’s existence and believed in Allah as the Creator, Sustainer, Giver of Life, the One who Brings forth Death and the Manager of the Universe’s Affairs. Furthermore, one of them even accepted the messengership of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) but he was not a believer. That person was Abu Taalib, the uncle of the Prophet (peace be upon him) .. 1 But that [belief in the Prophet (peace be upon him)] will not avail him whatsoever because he did not accept and submit to what the Prophet (peace be upon him) brought.”
“For the sake of clarity, over time, these two components (statement and action) were broken down into the three following essential components of Imaan that have also been stated by many scholars: (1) Belief in the heart; (2) Profession by the tongue; (3) Performance of deeds by the physical parts of the body.”
In short, Imaan means believing in the heart with certainty, saying in the tongue and performing deeds by the physical parts of the body. If the person says ‘I believe in Allah’, he should believe in the heart with certainty; he should say in the tongue what Allah enjoins and abstain from saying what Allah forbids. He should also perform what Allah orders and abstain from performing what Allah forbids. If the person does all these, he gets the first meaning of imaan that is security, peace of mind and removal of fear. But if he fails in one or all of these components, he can’t get security and peace of mind.
You may want to remove fear and get peace of mind. To achieve these, you do every possible way. But all of them fail. What’s your solution? You should ask yourself these questions. Where can I get peace of mind? What is the true source of peace of mind? How can I get?
You may search peace of mind in money and fame. But, you can’t get it because you haven’t searched peace of mind in the true source that is imaan.
Now let’s turn to clearing doubt about Allah and Day of Resurrection. Doubt is among the worst diseases of the heart. If you want to cure these disease, you should know its cause and drug or healing. At least there are four main causes of doubt of Allah and Day of Resurrection.
- Not having true knowledge about Allah or not striving to seek it
- Corruption of intention (Niyyaah) or not being sincere in one’s deeds and speech
- Delving in sins
Due to not having correct knowledge, many people deny even the existence of Allah (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala). Imaam ibn Al-Qayyim says “one should know the source of sins in order to repent to Allah. Source of sins is a soul that orders to evils. This soul has two characteristics. Those are ignorance and zulm (wrongdoing). If the person is ignorant, he wrongs himself and others. To heal his ignorance, he should seek beneficial knowledge. To heal his wrongdoing, he should do good deeds.” The greatest wrongdoings (zulm) are disbelief (kufr) and shirk (associating partner with Allah). Doubt (shakk) is one part of kufr. So a person should seek true and correct knowledge to clear his/her doubt about Allah and Day of Resurrection.
If the person gains true and correct knowledge and his intention is not correct, he is not saved from diseases of doubt. Because he puts correct knowledge out of its place. He should seek correct knowledge of Islam for the sake of Allah. Otherwise, he can’t get peace and light of Islam. Allah (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says:
“There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book. By which Allah guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from darknesses into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.” Suuratu Al-Maa’ida 5:15-16
Look careful, to be guided to the ways of peace and light, he should pursue ‘pleasure of Allah’ not pleasure of this world.
Delving in sins obliterates basira (insight). It is said that basira (insight) is that which saves you from confusion and darkness. Basira is sight of heart by which you look to the Hereafter. If this basira is obliterated by sins, the person can’t believe in the Hereafter or the Day of Resurrection. Allah says in the following meaning of the Qur’an:
“Woe, that Day, to those who deny [(Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Day of Resurrection, and Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments)].
Those who deny the Day of Recompense.
And none deny it except every sinful transgressor.
When Our verses are recited to him, he says, “Legends of the former peoples.”
Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn.” Suuratu Al-Mutaffifin 83:10-14
Arguing without knowledge also casts doubt and confusion in the person’s heart.
Narrated Abu Umamah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “No people go astray after having been guided, but they resort to arguing.” Then the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) recited this Ayah: ‘…They quoted not the above example except for argument. Nay! But they are quarrelsome people… (43:58)'” Reported by At-Tirmizi
So by staying away from arguing, one can guard his imaan.
For today, this is enough. In Sha Allah (if Allah wills), we will see more healings of the disease of doubt next week.
Al-Imaanu: haqiiqatuh, khawaarimuh, nawaaqiduh inda ahli sunnati wal jama’a.page 69
Commentary on the Forty Hadith of An-Nawawi-page vol.1 page 176-177 by Jamal Zarabozo
Madarija Saalikin vol.1 page 242- Imaam ibn Al-Qayyim al-jawziyya